Activity Title

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Gender Differences in Respiratory Care


Program Goals

Pulmonary conditions such as asthma, COPD, and sleep-disordered breathing affect women differently than men. In some diseases, presentation differs, such as the higher frequency of exacerbations experienced by women with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or greater prevalence of pulmonary hypertension in women. Evidence also suggests that women may be less likely to be diagnosed than men for certain lung conditions such as COPD.

 The purpose of this program is to review the current understanding of the biological, behavioral, and clinical implications of female sex/gender on lung and sleep health disease, and to propose clinical approaches for achieving better health outcomes through more precise management of female patients with lung disease. The activity will inform physicians and advanced practitioners about the importance of considering sex and gender when evaluating patients with pulmonary disease, with sex being a biological construct and gender encompassing not just biology but also social and environmental factors that may influence disease presentation, diagnosis, progression and treatment.

Target Audience

The educational design of this activity addresses the needs of everyone in the healthcare facilities specifically; pulmonologists, critical care specialists, thoracic surgeons, radiologists, internal medicine and primary care physicians, physician assistants, advanced practice nurses, and nurse practitioners.

Learning Objectives

After completion of this activity participants will be able to: 

  1. Analyze pulmonary disease burden among women.
  2. Describe how gender may influence pulmonary disease presentation and progression.
  3. Recognize clinical implications of gender differences in pulmonary disease.
  4. Explain differences in risk for pulmonary vascular disease between men and women.
  5. Describe sex-based differences in treatment responses in pulmonary arterial hypertension.
  6. Discuss resiliency to disease progression in women with established pulmonary arterial hypertension.


MeiLan K. Han, MD MS
Henry Sewall Endowed Professor of Medicine
Chief, Pulmonary and Critical Care
University of Michigan
Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine
Ann Arbor, MI

Anna R. Hemnes, MD
Associate Professor
Division of Allergy, Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Educational Activity Agenda

Front Matter & Registration (5 minutes)
Educational Presentation (74 minutes)
Post Test, Evaluation & Certificate delivery (11 minutes)
Total Activity (90 minutes)

Release and Expiration Dates

Release Date: November 14, 2022
Expiration Date: November 14, 2024

Disclosure of Conflicts of Interests

Global Education Group (Global) adheres to the policies and guidelines, including the Standards for Integrity and Independence in Accredited CE, set forth to providers by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) and all other professional organizations, as applicable, stating those activities where continuing education credits are awarded must be balanced, independent, objective, and scientifically rigorous. All persons in a position to control the content of an accredited continuing education program provided by Global are required to disclose all financial relationships with any ineligible company within the past 24 months to Global.  All financial relationships reported are identified as relevant and mitigated by Global in accordance with the Standards for Integrity and Independence in Accredited CE in advance of delivery of the activity to learners. The content of this activity was vetted by Global to assure objectivity and that the activity is free of commercial bias. 

All relevant financial relationships have been mitigated.

Faculty Disclosures

The faculty have the following relevant financial relationships with ineligible companies:

MeiLan K. Han, MD MS

  • Consulting Fee (e.g., Advisory Board): AstraZeneca, Boehringer Ingelheim, GlaxoSmithKline, Novartis, Pulmonx, Teva, Verona, Merck, Mylan, Sanofi, DevPro, Aerogen, Polarian, Regeneron, Altesa Biopharma, Amgen, Roche, Medtronic
  • Contracted Research (Principal Investigators must provide information, even if received by the institution): Sanofi, Novartis, Nuvaira, Sunovion, Gala Therapeutics, AstraZeneca, Boehringer Ingelheim, Biodesix
  • Honoraria: Cipla, Chiesi, AstraZeneca, Boehringer Ingelheim, GlaxoSmithKline, Medwiz
  • Stock Option Holder (Individual stocks/Stock options; diversified mutual funds do not need to be disclosed): Meissa Vaccines, Altesa Biopharma
  • Other (describe): Writing Support: GSK, BI, AZ, Novartis

Anne R. Hemnes. MD

  • Consulting fee: Janssen, Bayer, United Therapeutics, GossamerBio, Merck, Tenax Therapeutics
  • Contracted Research: NIH
  • Stock Shareholder: Tenax Therapeutics

Planners and Managers

The planners and managers have the following relevant financial relationships with ineligible companies:

Rhys Williams, MSN, FNP-C, RN

  • Nothing to disclose

Kristin Delisi, NP

  • Nothing to disclose

Lindsay Borvansky

  • Nothing to disclose

Andrea Funk

  • Nothing to disclose

Liddy Knight

  • Nothing to disclose

Ashley Cann

  • Nothing to disclose

Lauren Sinclair

  • Nothing to disclose

Deborah Sharkey

  • Nothing to disclose

CME Provider Accreditation Statement

This activity is provided by Global Education Group.     

Physician Accreditation Statement - CME


Global Education Group is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians.


Physician Credit Designation - CME

Global Education Group designates this enduring material for a maximum of 1.5 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

Global Contact Information

For information about the accreditation for this activity, please contact Global Education Group at (303) 395-1782, or

How to Obtain CME Credit

Attendees are expected to view all presentations before attempting to take the test and/or complete the activity evaluation. Successful completion will lead to the issuance of a certificate for AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™ or nursing credits. To receive credit, the course must be completed between November 14, 2022 and November 14, 2024.

Participation in this activity should be completed in approximately 1.5 hours. Please follow these steps in order to receive CME/CE credit for viewing the webcast:

  • Read all of the CME/CE accreditation information above.
  • View the complete electronic (web) activity.
  • Click on the link to apply for CME/CE credits.
  • Complete the online registration (registration is free).
  • Complete the online test and/or evaluation. Participants must receive a test score of at least 75% and answer all evaluation questions to receive a certificate.

After successfully completing the online test and/or evaluation, your application will be immediately processed and you will be given the opportunity to download a personalized CME/CE certificate for participation in this activity. 

Should you have any CME/CE questions regarding this activity, please contact:

Global Education Group
303 S. Broadway, Suite 200-376
Denver, CO 80209
Phone: 303-395-1782
Fax: 303-648-5311

Nurse Practitioner Continuing Education

AANP LogoGlobal Education Group is accredited by the American Association of Nurse Practitioners as an approved provider of nurse practitioner continuing education. Provider number: 110121. This activity is approved for 1.5 contact hour(s) which includes 0.0 hour(s) of pharmacology.

Nursing Continuing Education

Global Education Group is accredited with distinction as a provider of nursing continuing professional development by the American Nurses Credentialing Center's Commission on Accreditation.

 This educational activity for 1.5 contact hours including 0.0 pharmacotherapeutic contact hours is provided by Global Education Group. Nurses should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.


Fee Information

There is no fee for this educational activity.

Disclosure of Unlabeled Use:

This educational activity may contain discussion of published and/or investigational uses of agents that are not indicated by the FDA. Global Education Group (Global) does not recommend the use of any agent outside of the labeled indications.

The opinions expressed in the educational activity are those of the faculty and do not necessarily represent the views of any organization associated with this activity. Please refer to the official prescribing information for each product for discussion of approved indications, contraindications, and warnings.


Participants have an implied responsibility to use the newly acquired information to enhance patient outcomes and their own professional development. The information presented in this activity is not meant to serve as a guideline for patient management. Any procedures, medications, or other courses of diagnosis or treatment discussed in this activity should not be used by clinicians without evaluation of patient conditions and possible contraindications on dangers in use, review of any applicable manufacturer’s product information, and comparison with recommendations of other authorities.

Policy on Privacy and Confidentiality

Global Education Group (Global) protects the privacy of personal and other information regarding participants, educational partners, and joint sponsors. Global and our joint sponsors will not release personally identifiable information to a third party without the individual's consent, except such information as is required for reporting purposes to the appropriate accrediting agency.

Global Education Group and Dane Garvin, Ltd. maintain physical, electronic and procedural safeguards that comply with federal regulations to guard your nonpublic personal information.

Medium Used

This program has been made available online.
Gender Differences in Respiratory Care

System Requirements

To view this educational activity you will need a web browser with Javascript and either Flash or HTML5 enabled.  Nearly all modern web browsers will work.

Commercial Support Statement

This online Resource Center is supported by an Educational Grant from Philips Respironics, Inc.


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